Silent Heroes Memorial
Exhibition Resistance against the persecution of the Jews 1933 to 1945
With the permanent exhibition "Resistance against the persecution of the Jews from 1933 to 1945", the Silent Heroes Memorial Center documents the resistance of courageous individuals against Nazi rule in the Third Reich.
From 2008 to 2017, the memorial was located in Berlin-Mitte at Rosenthaler Straße 39 - the building that also houses the Otto Weidt Blindenwerkstatt Museum.
Since February 2018, you can get to know the fate of this broom manufacturer, who saved the lives of many Jewish employees in his workshop, as well as many other lifesavers and helpers, at a new location in the German Resistance Memorial Center Foundation.
One of the most important cells of military resistance in the Third Reich, the Bendlerblock, was located at this new scene in Berlin's Tiergarten district. In this building the circle around officer Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg planned the assassination of Hitler. Stauffenberg was shot here on the day of the unsuccessful coup d'état on July 20, 1944. In his honour, Bendlerstrasse was renamed Stauffenbergstrasse in the 1950s.
Stauffenbergstr. 13-14 in 10785 Berlin-Mitte
From Hotel Augustinenhof in approx. 23 minutes with S2, S25 or S26 from Oranienburger Straße to Anhalter Bahnhof. From there take bus M29 direction Wittenbergplatz to Gedenkstätte Deutscher Widerstand.
Hours of operation
Monday to Wednesday and Friday: 9-18 h
Thursday: 9-20 o'clock
Saturday, Sunday and holidays: 10-18 h
(except from 24-26 December, 31 December & 1 January)
Admission is free.
Heroes against Hitler
At the centre of the redesigned and expanded permanent exhibition are the "silent heroes", men and women who put the salvation of others above their own lives and thus saved the lives of about 6,000 Jews.
On the basis of ten hero stories, the exhibition shows how the "heroes" saved human lives and resisted the atrocities.
Objects received from their personal possessions, documents and photographs empathetically illustrate the fates of these courageous men and women, successful and failed rescue operations and their consequences.
In an extensive database with names of helpers and persecuted persons you can search for clues and obtain further information.
The exhibition is to be expanded at its new location to include the stories of "silent heroes" from all over Europe.
Heroes in Berlin
The selfless efforts of individuals saved the lives of more than 1,700 Jews in Berlin alone. Ordinary citizens, from employees to housewives, became escape helpers. They hid the persecuted, obtained forged papers, smeared officials and established help networks. Behind a rescued or immersed person, the memorial assumes the existence of at least ten non-Jewish helpers who lived with the constant danger of betrayal and discovery. We would like to introduce some of these Berlin heroes to you here.
Donata and Eberhard Helmrich
The Helmrich couple helped their Jewish friends to emigrate from an early age. In his role as the person in charge of the Polish forced labor camp Hyrawka, Eberhard Helmrich protected "his" approximately 200 Jewish workers from unbearable working conditions and murder from 1942.
After the camp was dissolved, he hid Jews in his house and brought them to his wife in Berlin with false papers.
The Helmrichs supported an estimated 300 victims.
Margarete and Wilhelm Daene
Wilhelm Daene and his wife not only hid several Jewesses in their house. As foreman of the Alfred Teves machine factory, he also supplied the forced laborers with food, had them treated by doctors and protected them from deportation until 1943. He was also able to help individuals to live in the underground or abroad afterwards. Most survived.
As a mother, Maria Nickel was so shocked by the sight of a pregnant Jewish forced laborer that from then on, she supported that woman and her family. She helped Ruth Abraham with false papers and a hiding place in the country after the birth of her child.
Despite interrogation and threat by the Gestapo, Maria Nickel was not deterred from helping the Abrahams even after their forced flight back to Berlin.
They survived. Ruth and Maria had a lifelong friendship.
The deportation of a good friend became a key experience for Elisabeth Abegg. While she had already held her protective hand over schoolgirls as a teacher in the 1930s, from 1942 she became increasingly committed to the survival of her Jewish fellow citizens.
Fugitives found shelter with her and her circle of acquaintances. They tirelessly expanded their circle of helpers, which eventually reached as far as Alsace. About 80 people tried to save her from death by the Nazis. In most cases this project was successful.